Boa Vista - Structuring Projects

External access – Considered one of the jewels of the archipelago, with a huge potential for tourism development, the island of Boa Vista is experiencing an enviable economic dynamics thanks to investment in the hotel industry and the tourist travel business. The existence of an international airport was identified as an essential condition for the viability of the island’s sustained development.

The construction project for Boa Vista Airport began to take shape in 2003 and early on the principle of utilizing existing airport infrastructure and facilities was adopted, instead of compromising with a root project that is considered to be very demanding in terms of financial investments and soil resources. Thus, the extension of the Rabil aerodrome infrastructure was considered as the best long-term development scenario in terms of capacity and environmental impact.

Thus the Boa Vista International Airport was designed and built under a model based on a growth in four phases up to the year 2023, depending on the dynamics of the island.

Airport Expansion

The  the first phase, worthing 21 million euros, began in January 2005, consisting of the following actions:

  • reinforcement of existing pavement;
  • extension of the track from 1,200 to 2,100 meters and widening from 30 to 45 meters;
  • construction of
    • a new aircraft parking platform and respective circulation path and maneuvering area, based on a critical 4D reference aircraft;
    • a passenger terminal and its facilities;
    • a Control Tower;
    • equipment installations and fire fighting vehicles and rescue,
  • acquisition and installation of an automatic meteorological station;
  • realignment of the Rabil-Sal Rei road;
  • changes in the configuration of the safety net of the airport perimeter;
  • acquisition of various airport equipment.

The Boa Vista International Airport, class 4D, was inaugurated on October 31, 2007.

Internal access – The tourist development plan for Boa Vista Island requires the allocation of the island with a fast lane directly connecting the airport and the three ZDTIs and a direct connection between the Vila de Sal-Rei, the Airport, Porto, Rabil and Povoação Velha, which will allow to decongest the current access route to Sal-Rei.

It was thus anticipated the phased construction of the Boa Vista Structural Road, with national character (classified as “separate strip lanes”) consisting of two lanes in each direction and four lanes. This route begins at an intersection that gives access to the Boa Vista International Airport (Intersection Airport) to another intersection that will give access to the Lacacão Urbanization (Intersection Lacacão), one of the largest urbanizations ever built in Cape Verde. In addition two other projects were planned, which will give access to Povoação Velha / Morro de Areia (Intersection Povoação Velha) and Santa Mónica (Santa Mónica Intersection).

The length of the Boa Vista Structural Road (Via EStruturante), from the end of the Intersection of the Airport to the beginning of the Intersection of Lacacão, is 17.7 meters, distributed as follows:

  • TRAMO I – 5,858 meters, from the end of the intersection of the airport to the beginning of the intersection of Povoação Velha;
  • TRAMO II – 6,957 meters, from the end of the Povoação Velha interception to the beginning of the intersection of Santa Mónica;
  • TRAMO III – 4,047 meters, from the end of the Intersection of Santa Monica to the beginning of the Intersection of Lacacão.

New internal viability

The first phase of Boa Vista’s Via Estruturante was completed in May 2011 and included the construction of TRAMOS II and III, including the roundabouts of Povoação Velha, Santa Monica and Lacacão, totaling 11.8 km.

Production, Transportation and Distribution of Drinking Water -the production of potable water will be made from the desalination of sea water by reverse osmosis, with a desalination plant with a production capacity of 21,000 m3 / day. The desalinated drinking water will be distributed to the different consumption areas by means of the corresponding pressure groups, which will feed the transport manifolds.

Drinking Water – Flow

Maximum(m3/dia): 70.441
Medium(m3/dia): 35.405

Production, Transportation and Distribution of Energy– The construction of a single thermal power plant with fuel oil engines is planned, which in 2020 will reach 62 MW of installed capacity, located near Rabil. The system will be complemented by a wind farm with an installed capacity of 18 MW. It should be noted that in order to meet the short-, medium- and long-term consumption needs of tourism enterprises and residents, as well as for the collection and treatment of waste water, SDTIBM opted for the engagement of private partners that resulted in the formation of the company AEB (Águas and Energias da Boa Vista, SA), which in 2008 increased to more than five times the production capacity previously existing in the island of the dunes and will increase its production capacity to the global growth needs of this island. A further power plant may be installed later in the south of the island.

ENERGY – Powers (Mw)

Tourism: 79.26
General Population: 19.76
Total: 98,02

Sanitation, Effluent Collection, Wastewater Treatment and Reuse – The forecast of the final volumes of effluents to be treated, as well as the distribution and location of their respective sources, advises the existence of a system based on three main units, with tertiary treatment – for recycling and use of irrigation water – and a system supplement to support the northern part of the island.

Collection and treatment of solid waste – Considering the estimated values ​​of the total volume of waste generated and the respective origin, the final destination is the disposal of the organic waste (indiscriminate) in the landfill, allowing storage for subsequent recycling of paper, metal, glass and plastic waste / packaging. Regarding the collection of solid waste, the general adoption of separate collection in separate containers of organic waste, glass, paper, plastic / metal / packaging (for further sorting) is recommended. The collection process should take place in two stages: a primary collection (the responsibility of the resorts and a secondary collection (responsibility of the responsible public service), articulated at interface points. the POTs set forth the minimum technical requirements, leaving the traces and locations at the discretion of the promoters, to be established in a detailed planning project.

Sanitation – Flow

Maximum (m3/dia): 56.352
Medium (m3/dia): 28.324

Telecommunications – Priority will be given to radio networks (GSM), particularly in the early stages of development, and conduits will be installed to allow the inclusion, on a case-by-case basis, of fiber optic networks and / or coaxial cable. The route will follow the course of the main roads, coinciding with the layout of the electric network. The distribution lines will be defined in the ZDTI Tourist Planning Plans and the Urban Development Plans of the agglomerates. Regarding the local distribution networks, these will be defined in the Projects of Detailed Ordering and duly articulated with the respective options in terms of urban design

Coastal Coastal Planning Plan – Along with the Coastal and Marine Coastal Planning Plan of the ZDTI de Boa Vista developed, we consider it essential to produce a document that could highlight our concerns and interests at various levels and at different scales . These concerns ranging from concepts and ideas, zoning and implementation, through the content and design in itself of possible proposals. Underscoring our interest in protecting the biodiversity of this unique ecosystem in the world: quite rich and at the same time vulnerable and fragile.

Boa Vista has a surface area of 620 km2 and a maximum elevation of 387 (Estancia). With a nearly circular configuration, it is the third largest island in terms of size, and the closest to the African continent. The island is basically in the center of the archipelago 77km north of the island of Maio and 39km south of the island of Sal.

According to the plan and analyzes carried out to date, we propose a series of specific interventions, which in our view deserve special attention, both referring to single and punctual interventions, as well as more strategic and repetitive interventions. Always aiming at environmental protection, which we consider as a precondition for economic growth and sustainable development, it is vital that it prevails for future generations, thus making the island a unique tourist and environmental protection reference in an increasingly globalized world market.